22 November 2022, New Delhi – New Education Policy – The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is getting ready for a transition to the 5+3+3+4 pedagogical structure in accordance with the New Education Policy (NEP) 2020.
The board will shortly issue an order requesting all the CBSE-affiliated institutions in India to begin preparations for a migration from the present 10+2 system to the proposed 5+3+3+4 structure.
New Education Policy – More Details
Nidhi Chhibber, head of the CBSE, said “The board will implement the change as of the 2019 academic year. CBSE will start the creation of a school registry, teacher registry, and student registry in order to track the growth of these resources throughout the various stages of schooling. The board will be issuing directions for the adoption of a new 5+3+3+4 system of education for all the schools.”
She further stated that the New Education Policy’s (NEP’s) distinguishing characteristic is the participation of children from three to six in formal education. She also emphasized on how many CBSE schools are already involved in the teaching of younger children through their preparatory and pre-nursery programmes. “The board will make an effort to officially include this into the CBSE system architecture”, she added.
New Education Policy – Curriculum Structure
The new curriculum structure as suggested by the New Education Policy is as follows:
- Reorganization of 10+2 pedagogy pattern to the 5+3+3+4 pattern.
- Division of stages of development such as 3 to 8, 8 to 11, 11 to 14, and 14 to 18 years.
- Foundation stage of 5 years –
- 3 years pre-primary
- 2 years Class 1 and 2
- Preparatory stage of 3 years –
- Class 3, 4 and 5.
- Higher or Secondary stage of 4 years –
Class 9, 10, 11 and 12.
- All the stages will consist of Indian and regional traditions, ethical reasoning, socio-emotional learning, quantitative and logical reasoning, digital literacy, computational thinking, scientific tamper, languages, and communication skills.
New Education Policy – Salient Features
- The examination curriculum for Class 10 and 12 will continue with a restructured approach of holistic development.
- New national assessment named PARAKH (Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development) will be adopted.
- Inclusion of mathematical thinking and scientific temper coding in the curriculum from class 6.
- Vocational education including internships to start from Class 6.
- Replacement of the old 10+2 structure with the new 5+3+3+4 curriculum structure.
- The new system emphasizes 12 years of schooling and 3 years in pre-school/Anganwadi.
- Children up to class 5 will be taught in their regional language. If the child wishes to continue to study in their regional language, he/she can opt the same language till class 8.
- Introduction of children to two-three new languages in Class 1 to promote speaking proficiency, interaction, and ability to recognize different languages by Class 3.
- Sanskrit to be included at all levels as an optional language at school and higher education.
- As a part of other options, literature of India and other classical languages will also be available as optional languages.
- Choosing language will be at the student’s discretion totally.
- Higher education will consist of flexibility in subject choice.
- Class 10 and 12 students will be allowed to take their board examinations on two occasions during an academic session. However, taking the main examination will be mandatory while the improvement exam will be optional.
- Unlike the previous system, the new curriculum will provide the student with liberty of multiple entries and exit points along with appropriate certification for further studies.
- UG programmes to be of 3 or 4 years with various exit options along with reliable certification. such as if the student drops out of the course after 1 year, then he/she will be awarded a certificate and advanced diploma after completion of 2 years.
- The degree will be provided after 3 years of research and successful completion of 4 years in the opted course.
- In case, if the student drops out of one course due to any reason before its completion and joins any other course, then the Academic Bank of Credit (ABC) will be created.
- The academic credit earned by students will be stored by different Higher Educational Institutions (HEI) digitally and counted for the final degree.
- The new curriculum focuses on critical thinking, discovery, inquiry, discussion, and analytical teaching based on a holistic approach of education.
- The higher education system will be made simple yet strong.
- Special focus will be given to E-learning to reduce dependency on textbook learning.
- Education to get 6% investment of GDP in comparison to the 1.7% earlier under the new education policy with the aim to boost the education system.
- Aim to make all the Higher Educational Institutions (HEIs) multidisciplinary with a strength of 3000+ students, by the end of 2040.
- College affiliations to phase out in the upcoming 15 years.
- Every district will have at least one Higher Educational Institution (HEI) by 2030.
- Achieving 100% youth and adult literacy in the upcoming years.
- A common entrance exam to be conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA) for securing admissions in Higher Educational Institutions (HEIs).
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
1. The vocational training suggested in the new curriculum will start from which class?
Ans. The vocational education training includes internships, which will start from Class 6.
2. What kind of assessment criteria will CBSE adopt in its new system?
Ans. CBSE will adopt PARAKH (Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development) assessment criteria in the new education system.
3. What is the main aim of NEP?
Ans. The main aim of the New Education Policy (NEP) is to achieve 100% youth and adult literacy in the upcoming years.
4. What is the new name of the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD)?
Ans. The new name of the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) is the Ministry of Education.