GATE Syllabus – Exam Topics, Pattern, Important Books, Preparation Tips

The syllabus for GATE 2021 will be made available in online mode on the official website by the concerned authorities. Aspirants will be able to check the PDF files containing the detailed GATE syllabus for all 25 subjects. Candidates must note that questions in the GATE exam will be asked from the topics enlisted in the GATE 2021 syllabus only.ย 

Before starting the preparations for the exam, the candidates must:

  • Go through the detailed syllabus thoroughly so as to avoid any confusions or discrepancy.
  • Lay more focus and time on the sections in which they are weak.

In this article, we have explained the detailed syllabus for GATE 2021. Aspirants qualifying the GATE exam will be eligible for admissions into various IITs, NITS, IIITs and CFTIs, and some PSUs recruitment.

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Latest Update โ€“ As per the revised Prime Minister’s Research Fellowship (PMRF) scheme, the qualifying score for GATE exam has been changed to 650; it was 750 earlier. Also, among the 25 institutions, NITs will also be eligible to grant the fellowship.ย 

GATE Syllabus โ€“ Subject-wise

The concerned authorities will announce the syllabus for GATE 2021 along with the official notification. As per the previous yearโ€™s notification, the subject-wise detailed syllabus is mentioned below.


Architecture and Design Building and Structures
Building Materials, Construction and Management Environmental Planning and Design
Planning Techniques and Management Services, Infrastructure and Transportation
Urban Design Urban Planning and Housing


Physical Chemistry Inorganic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry ย 


Engineering Mathematics Extractive Metallurgy
Manufacturing Processes Mechanical Metallurgy
Physical Metallurgy Thermodynamics and Rate Processes


Economics, Mine Planning, Systems Engineering Engineering Mathematics
Geo-Mechanics and Ground Control Mine Development and Surveying
Mining Methods and Machinery Surface Environment, Mine Ventilation, and Underground Hazards

GATE Syllabus for PHYSICS

Atomic and Molecular Physics Classical Mechanics
Electromagnetic Theory Mathematical Physics
Nuclear And Particle Physics Quantum Mechanics
Solid State Physics and Electronics Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics


Engineering Mathematics General Engineering
Industrial Engineering Manufacturing Processes I
Manufacturing Processes II Operations Research and Operations Management
Quality and Reliability ย 


Chemical Processing Engineering Mathematics
Fabric Manufacture, Structure And Properties Textile Fibres
Textile Testing Yarn Manufacture, Yarn Structure and Properties


Behavioural Ecology Ecology
Evolution Mathematics and Quantitative Ecology

GATE Mathematics Syllabus for XE

Differential Equations Engineering Mathematics
Linear Algebra Numerical Methods
Probability and Statistics Vector Calculus
Calculus ย 

GATE Fluid Mechanics Syllabus for XE

Differential Analysis Dimensional Analysis
Flow and Fluid Properties Integral Analysis
Internal Flows In Viscid Flows
Kinematics Brandt Boundary Layer Equations

GATE Material Science Syllabus for XE

Characterisation Techniques Elements of Quantum Mechanics and Mathematics
Environmental Degradation Material Types
Processing of Materials Properties of Materials
Structure and Imperfections Thermodynamics And Kinetics

GATE Thermodynamics Syllabus for XE

Basic Concepts First Law of Thermodynamics
Ideal Gas Mixtures Properties of Pure Substances
Second Law of Thermodynamics Thermodynamic Cycles
Thermodynamic Relations ย 

GATE Food Technology Syllabus for XE

Food Chemistry and Nutrition Food Engineering
Food Microbiology Food Products Technology


Atomic Structure And Periodicity Chemical Equilibria
Electrochemistry Reaction Kinetics
S, P and D Block Elements Structure and Bonding
Structure-Reactivity Correlations And Organic Reaction Mechanisms Thermodynamics

GATE Syllabus โ€“ Stream-wise

GATE aspirants can check the below tables to know about the stream-wise syllabus of GATE 2021.


Analog and Digital Electronics Biomaterials
Biomechanics Electrical Circuits
Engineering Mathematics Human Anatomy and Physiology
Measurements and Control Systems Medical Imaging Systems
Sensors and Instrumentation Signals and Systems


Engineering Mechanics Thermodynamics
Strength of materials Refrigeration & Air Conditioning
Heat Transfer General Aptitude
Machine Design Industrial Engineering
Fluid Mechanics Engineering Mathematics
Theory of Mechanics Manufacturing Engineering


Analog circuits Circuits & Networks
Measurements General Aptitude
Communications Signals and Systems
Control System Transducers
Digital Circuits Engineering Mathematics
Analytical Biomedical & Optical Instrumentation Process Controls


Network Theory Communication Systems
Electronics Devices & Circuits EMT
Digital Circuits Engineering Mathematics
Signal & Systems General Aptitude
Analog Circuits Micro Processors
Control Systems


Network Theory Analog & Digital Electronics
Signal & System EMT
Control Systems General Aptitude
Power Systems Engineering Maths
Electrical machines Power Electronics
Electrical & Electronics Measurements ย 


Engineering Mathematics Environmental Engineering
Geometrics Engineering Geotechnical Engineering
Structural Engineering Transportation Engineering
Water Resources Engineering ย 


Chemical Engineering Chemical Reaction Engineering
Chemical Technology Engineering Mathematics
Fluid Mechanics and Mechanical Operations Heat Transfer
Instrumentation and Process Control Mass Transfer
Plant Design and Economics Process Calculations and Thermodynamics


Aerodynamics Engineering Mathematics
Flight Mechanics Propulsion
Space Dynamics Structures


Agricultural Processing Engineering Dairy and Food Engineering
Engineering Mathematics Farm Machinery
Farm Power Irrigation and Drainage Engineering
Soil and Water Conservation Engineering ย 

GATE Syllabus โ€“ Preparation Tips

While preparing for the Graduate Aptitude Test Engineering (GATE) exam, the candidates can follow the below mentioned preparation tips after going through the GATE 2021 syllabus โ€“

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  • Before proceeding with the preparations, the candidates must go through the exam pattern along with the syllabus.
  • Going through the exam pattern will make the candidates aware about the weightage that each topic holdsand plan their preparations accordingly.
  • Give more time and focus to the topics with higher weightage.
  • Refer to all the respective books while preparing to make sure that you donโ€™t leave any topic untouched.
  • Stay healthy and keep your mind calm so as to prepare well for the GATE exam.

*We have given the detailed exam pattern, section-wise weightage, and reference books for the GATE exam below.

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GATE Syllabus โ€“ Exam Pattern

As discussed above, the candidates must go through the exam pattern described for the GATE exam along with the syllabus. Being well acquainted with the exam pattern will also help the candidates to get an idea about the section-wise weightage and official marking scheme described by the authorities. No changes have been made in the exam pattern for the GATE exam. Still, if any changes are announced with the official notification for GATE 2021, we will update this page. Meanwhile, the candidates can go through the below mentioned details.

  1. The exam will be conducted in online mode (computer-based test) for the time duration of 180 minutes, i.e. 3 hours.
  2. There will be a total 65 multiple-choice and numerical-type questions. The GATE exam will be conducted for a total of 100 marks.
  3. The questions will be asked from three sections in the exam, i.e. General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics and Subject Specification Section.
  4. As per the marking scheme, some questions will carry 1 mark each and other 2 marks each.
  5. For questions carrying 1 mark each, 1/3 marks will be deducted for wrong answers, and for questions carrying 2 marks, 2/3 marks will be deducted.ย 
  6. There is no negative marking for numerical type questions.ย 

GATE Section wise Weightage Distribution:

Sections Number of Questions and Marks per part Number of Questions Maximum Marks
General Aptitude (GA) 5 questions of 1 mark each and 5 questions of 2 mark each 10 15
Question Papers other than GG, XE and XL 25 questions of 1 mark each and 30 questions of 2 mark each 55 85
Sections Number of Questions and Marks per part Number of questions Maximum Marks
Question Paper GG (Geology and Geophysics) PART A (Compulsory Section) PART B 55 85
25 questions of 1 mark each Section I (Geology) and Section II (Geophysics) (Attempt Any 1 question):

30 questions of 2 mark each

Sections Number of Questions and Marks per part Number of questions Maximum Marks
XE Paper (Engineering Sciences) General Aptitude

(15 marks)

Section A Engineering Mathematics (Compulsory): Sections B to H: (Attempt Any Two) 55 85
7 questions of 1 mark each and 4 questions of 2 marks each 9 questions of 1 mark each and 13 questions of 2 marks each
Sections Number of Questions and Marks per part Number of questions Maximum Marks
XL Paper (Life Sciences) General Aptitude

(15 marks)

Section P Chemistry (Compulsory Section): Sections Q to U: (Attempt Any 2) 55 85
5 questions of 1 mark each and 10 questions of 2 marks each 10 questions of 1 mark each and 10 questions of 2 marks each

GATE Syllabus โ€“ Reference Books

We have mentioned the topic-wise names of all the important books that the candidates can refer to while preparing for GATE 2021.ย 

GATE Preparation Books for Computer Science (CS)

Book Author
TOC – Theory of Computation Ullman
Operating System Galvin
Architecture Hamacher
Algorithm Cormen

GATE Preparation Books for Agriculture Engineering (AG)

Book Author
Soil & Water Conservation VVN Murty
Farm Machinery by Three Authors (known by bookโ€™s name)
Concept of Agricultural Engineering Mohanty Das

GATE Preparation Books for Electrical Engineering (EE)

Book Author
Power Electronics- P S Bimbhra
Fundamentals of Circuits Alexander, Sadiku
Electrical Machines Nagrath, Kothari

GATE Preparation Books for Chemical Engineering (CH)

Book Author
Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering McCabe -FPM and MO
Principles of Mass Transfer and Separation Processes BK Dutta
Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics JM Smith
Heat Transfer JP Holman
Essentials of Chemical Reaction Engineering Fogler
An Insight into Chemical Engineering M.Subbu
Chemical Engineering For Gate Principles Solved Problems & Objective Type Questions Ram Prasad

GATE Preparation Books for Mechanical Engineering (ME)

Book Author
Thermodynamics P.K.Nag
Theory of Machine (TOM) R.S Khurmi
Strength of Materials S.S. Ratan
Production Engineering Swadesh Singh
Heat Transfer Cengel
Fluid Mechanics R.K. Bansal, Frank M.White

GATE Preparation Books for Civil Engineering (CE)

Book Author
Steel Bhavikatti
Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering Gopal and Ranjan
RCC Pillai and Menon
Open Channel Flow and Engineering Hydrology K Subramanya
Highway Engineering Khanna and Justo
Fluid Mechanics R K Bansal
Environment 1 and 2 S K Garg

GATE Preparation Books for Production and Industrial Engineering (PI)

Book Author
Thermodynamics P.K Nag
Theory Of Machine SS Ratan
Strength Of Material Sadhu Singh
Refrigeration Made Easy Class Notes
Production S K Mondal Notes & Swadesh Singh
Material Science Made Easy Class Notes & Swadesh Singh
Machine Design VB Bhandari
IC Engine Mathur Sharma
Heat Transfer Made Easy Class Notes
Fluid Mechanics and Machinery Modi & Seth

GATE Preparation Books for Electronics & Communication Engineering (ECE)

Books Author
Solutions of Network Analysis GK Publications
Network Theory Prof Yoganarasimhan
Network Analysis Van Valken Burg
Network Analysis Soni and Gupta
Microelectronic Circuits Sedra and Smith
Graph Theory Narsing Deo (Cutset and Others)
Engg. Circuit Analysis Hayt and Kemmerly
Electronic Devices Circuits Boylestad and Nashelsky
Electric Circuits Schaumโ€™s Series
Circuit Theory Chakravarthy

GATE Preparation Books for other subjects

Subject Name of Books/Authors (Commonly Known)
Paint Technology PK Nag
Oil Engineering RK Bansal, RK Rajput
Marine Engineering RK Rajput, RK Bansal,
Instrumentation & Control Natesan, Mukherjee & Chakrawarthy
Information Technology GATE 2020 Last Year Papers
Geology and Geophysics Complete Master Guide GATE โ€“ Amresh Singh
Chemical Engineering Cengel & Boles
Bio Technology Lehning M Prescott, Eldon John, Lehninger
Architecture The Road Ahead, GATE Architecture

GATE Syllabus โ€“ FAQs

Q. Are there any chances of change in the syllabus for GATE 2021?

No, the syllabus for GATE has not been revised since long. Still, if any changes are made in the syllabus for GATE 2021, the authorities will announce it with the release of the official notification, and we will update this page accordingly.

Q. Where can we get the detailed GATE syllabus 2021?

We have given the detailed syllabus for GATE along with other insights in this article. Moreover, the candidates can visit the official website of IIT Bombay (conducting body for GATE 2021) website to access the syllabus for the exam.

Q. For how many papers can a GATE aspirant appear for?

Candidates can only apply for one GATE paper in a year. The authorities conduct the GATE exam for a total 25 papers. Each year, a candidate can apply for only one paper out of all 25. Multiple entries will not be considered valid by the authorities.

Q. Will the GATE syllabus be the same for all the subjects?

No. The GATE syllabus 2021 will vary from subject to subject and course to course. The candidates can access the official website to know the syllabus of their desired subject or course. Also, the weightage of the topics will also vary accordingly.

Q. How many total papers are there in GATE 2021?

There are a total of 25 GATE papers conducted every year by the authorities. The authorities release the subject-wise syllabus for all GATE papers. Candidates will gain access to the official syllabus for GATE 2021, once it is announced by IIT Bombay.

Stay tuned to Buddy4Study to get the latest updates and news on GATE Exam 2021.

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