AISHE Report 2020-21 – Higher Education Enrollment Surpasses 4 Crore

New Delhi, 31 Jan 2023 – AISHE Report 2020-21 – The number of students enrolled in higher education institutions surpassed four crore for the first time in 2020–21, reaching 4.1 crore, a rise of 7.5% from 2019–20 and 21% from 2014–15.

The gross enrollment ratio (GER) also grew from 25.6% in 2019-20 to 27.3% in 2020-21, according to the All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2020-21.

As per the survey, enrollment for Scheduled Caste (SC) students increased significantly in 2020-21 compared to 2014-15, rising by 28% for SC students overall and by 38% for female SC students, in particular.

Findings of AISHE Report 2020-21: More Women in Higher Education

  • According to the report, the Gender Parity Index (GPI), which measures the ratio of female to male gross enrollment ratios, climbed from 1 in 2017–18 to 1.05 in 2020–21. As a result, the female gross enrollment ratio (GER) has topped the male GER.
  • The report states there was an increase in female enrollment of 2.01 crore in 2020-21 from 1.88 crore in 2019–20.
  • The proportion of female enrollment to overall enrollment climbed from 45% in 2014-15 to 49% in 2020-21. According to AISHE report 2020-21, there has been an increase in female enrollment of almost 44 lakh (28%).
  • In addition, the survey’s findings indicate that in North Eastern states, female enrollment in 2020-21 was 6.14 lakh, compared to male enrollment of 5.92 lakh. Accordingly, there are 104 female students in the North East region for every 100 male students.Β 
  • This trend has persisted in the North East since 2018–19, when female enrolment for the first time overtook male enrollment.

Findings of AISHE Report 2020-21: Most Universities in Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh

According to the survey, Rajasthan has the most universities in India, followed by Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh.Β Β Β 

Note: Rajasthan is home to one centrally and state-run university in addition to 26 state public universities, five institutes of national importance (IITs, IIMs, and NITs), 52 state private universities, and seven deemed universities.

STATE NUMBER OF UNIVERSITIES
Rajasthan 92
Uttar Pradesh 84
Gujarat 83
Madhya Pradesh 74
Karnataka 72
MaharashtraΒ  71
Tamil Nadu 59
Haryana 56
West Bengal 52
Andhra Pradesh 45
Goa 3
Mizoram 3
Ladakh 2

Findings of AISHE Report 2020-21: Districts With Most Colleges

The district of Bengaluru has the most colleges, followed by those in Jaipur and Hyderabad. Listed below are the top 10:

DISTRICT NUMBER OF COLLEGES
Bengaluru Urban 1058
Jaipur 671
Hyderabad 488
Pune 466
Prayagraj 374
Rangareddy 345
Bhopal 327
Nagpur 318
Ghazipur 316
Sikar 308

Interesting Facts:

  • In Uttar Pradesh, there are 8114 colleges overall, and 32 colleges for every one lakh population.
  • Maharashtra follows closely behind with 34 colleges per lakh people and 4532 colleges.
  • Rajasthan is in fourth place with 3694 colleges and 40 colleges per lakh population.
  • Karnataka comes in third with 4233 institutions and 62 colleges per lakh population.

Findings of AISHE Report 2020-21: Decline in B.Tech Enrollments!

  • The only undergraduate programme in the country that has seen less applicants during the previous five years is Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech).
  • The number of students enrolled in the B.Tech programme decreased from 40.85 lakhs in 2016–17 to 36.63 lakhs in 2020–21.
  • In the B.Tech programme, there are 23.20 lakh enrolled students, of whom 28.7% are females, while in the Bachelor of Engineering (B.E.) programme, there are 13.42 lakh enrolled students, of whom 28.5% are females.

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AISHE Report 2020-21: Frequently Asked Questions

Q1) What is the All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE)?

The Ministry of Education has endeavoured to carry out an annual web-based All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) to assess the state of higher education in the nation since 2010-11. The AISHE survey includes all of the institutions in the nation that offer higher education.

Q2) What parameters guide the All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE)?

AISHE collects data on a variety of factors, including teachers, student enrollment, programmes, exam results, funding for education, and infrastructure.

The information gathered by AISHE is also used to calculate indicators of educational development such as Institution Density, Gross Enrolment Ratio, Pupil-Teacher Ratio, Gender Parity Index, and Per Student Expenditure.

These are helpful in conducting research and making educated policy decisions for the growth of the education sector.

Q3) What’s the total number of teachers/faculty per the All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) report 2020-21?

According to the AISHE survey, there are 15,51,070 faculty members and teachers in total, with around 57.1% men and 42.9% women.

The ratio of female faculty members per 100 male faculty members increased from 63 in 2014–15 to 74 in 2019–20.

Q4) What’s the percentage of universities and colleges located in rural areas per the All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) report 2020-21?

According to the report, 43% of colleges and 61.4% of universities are situated in rural areas.

Q5) What is the state of enrollment in distant learning according to the All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) report 2020–21?

The number of students enrolled in distance education is 45.71 lakh (including 20.9 lakh female students), up about 7% from 2019–20 and 20% from 2014–15.

 

 

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