JEE Main Exam Pattern – New Format, Distribution of Marks & Questions

JEE Main Exam Pattern – JEE Main exam pattern comprises information on the mode of exam, the medium of the exam (language), type of questions, marks allotted to each question or section, negative marking, etc. NTA has released the new JEE Main 2021 exam pattern for BTech, B. Arch, and B. Planning papers on the official NTA JEE website. 

JEE Main 2021 is a national-level recruitment exam, which is now held four (4) times a year – in February, March, April and May. Through this examination, candidates will get a chance to get admission into UG engineering programs in various IITs, NITs, CFTIs and other renowned institutions. Besides, NTA is conducting this entrance examination in 13 languages. While exams in English, Hindi, and Urdu will be held across the country, other regional language papers will be held in the respective states.

The JEE Main 2021 exam will be held in CBT or Computer Based Test mode in nearly 326 Indian cities and 10 abroad. While JEE Main Paper 1 is held for BTech aspirants, JEE Main Paper 2 is conducted for B. Arch (2A) and B. Planning (2B) candidates. 

All papers i.e Paper 1, Paper 2 (A) and 2(B) will be divided into 3 sections pertaining to 3 different subjects. According to the revised JEE Main exam pattern 2021, all the 3 subjects/sections in the JEE Main Paper 1 question paper will have 10 Numerical Value Questions and 20 MCQs each. Out of the 10 Numerical Value Questions, candidates will have to attempt only 5 questions. The exam will be conducted in both MCQ and non-MCQ formats. 

Candidates will have to attempt –

  • 75 questions out of 90 questions in Paper 1 (BE/BTech)
  • 77 out of 82 questions in Paper 2A (B.Arch.) 
  • 100 out of 105 questions in Paper 2B (BPlan) 

The time duration for all the JEE Main 2021 papers is 3 hours. 

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JEE Main Exam Pattern 2021 – Key Highlights

Candidates who have registered and applied for the JEE Main exam 2021 should go through the JEE Main exam pattern thoroughly before attempting the exam. Here are a few key points that they should keep in mind:

JEE Main Exam Pattern 2021

Name of ExaminationJoint Entrance Examination (JEE Main 2021)
Exam Conducting bodyNational Testing Agency (NTA)
JEE Main 2021 Recruitment Official Websitewww.jeemain.nta.nic.in
Exam frequency4 times a year
JEE Main Exam Date 2021 Session 1 – 23rd to 26th February 2021

Session 2 – 15th to 18th March 2021

Session 3 – 27th to 30th April 2021

Session 4 – 24th to 28th May 2021

Mode of ExamOnline (computer-based test)
Language of PaperEnglish, Hindi, Urdu

8 Regional Languages – Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Marathi, Malayalam, Odia, Punjabi, Tamil and Telugu

Credentials required to download JEE Main Admit CardJEE Main 2021 application number

Date of Birth (Password)

Compulsory documents to carry on exam dayJEE Main Admit Card

Valid original photo ID (like Aadhaar, Voter ID, Passport, PAN Card/ Driving License/ Ration Card/ School Identity Card)

COVID-19 Self Declaration (Undertaking) form

JEE Main PapersPaper 1 – BE/BTech

Paper 2A – BArch

Paper 2B – BPlan

Duration of JEE Main Exam3 hours or 180 minutes (4 hours for Persons with Benchmark Disabilities)
Maximum QuestionsBE/BTech – 90 MCQs

BArch – Online and Offline (Drawing Test) – 82 questions

BPlan – 105 MCQs

Maximum MarksJEE Main – 4 marks per correct answer

B. Arch paper – 2 questions of 50 marks each

JEE Main exam pattern – Marking SystemCorrect answer: 3 marks

Incorrect Answer: (-1) mark

Unattempted Answer: NIL

JEE Main exam pattern – Negative MarkingFor MCQs: (-1) mark per incorrect answer

For Non-MCQs: No negative marking

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Latest Additions in JEE Main Exam Pattern 2021

  1. According to the latest update in JEE Main exam pattern 2021, Paper 1 will have 90 MCQs including 30 questions each from Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. Candidates have to attempt just 75 questions.
  2. All three subjects will have 2 sections/parts in the JEE Main paper. Part A will contain 20 MCQs and Part B will contain 10 Numerical value answer-based questions. Candidates have to attempt any 5 questions out of 10 in Part B.
  3. Numerical questions do not have any negative marking. However, 1 mark will be deducted for every wrong MCQ-type answer.
  4. JEE Main 2021 will be held in 13 regional languages
  5. The first session will be conducted from 23rd to 26th February 2021 in online mode in two shifts.
  6. Almost 22 lakh aspirants have registered for all cycles of the JEE Main exam. This is the highest ever registration for a UG competitive examination.

JEE Main Exam Pattern – Renewed Format (2021)

JEE Main Exam Pattern for Paper 1 – B.E/BTech

ParametersB.E./B. Tech
Mode of ExaminationCBT Mode
Total subjectsPhysics, Chemistry, and Mathematics
Number of questions

(Asked)

90 

(30 questions from each subject)

20 MCQs and 10 Numerical value answer based questions from each subject

Number of questions

(To be Answered)

75 

(25 questions from each subject)

Type of Questions60 MCQs (20 each from Maths, Physics and Chemistry) having 4 options each with 1 correct option) + 30 questions (10  each from Maths, Physics and Chemistry) for which answer is a Numerical Value.

Candidates have to attempt 5 numerical based questions from each subject – 15 questions from Part B*  in total 

Marking SchemeFor MCQs: 

+4 for each correct response

-1 for each incorrect response

Unattempted questions will not be marked.

For Non- MCQs: 

+4 for each correct response

No negative marking for incorrect answers or unattempted questions.

Maximum Marks300 Marks
Medium of paperEnglish, Hindi, Urdu (All Centre Cities),

Regional Languages

*Part A – MCQ, Part B – Numerical value answer based question (Non-MCQ)

JEE Main Exam Pattern for Paper 2A – B. Arch

ParametersB. Arch
Mode of ExaminationMathematics and Aptitude- CBT Mode

Drawing- Pen and paper mode

Type of QuestionsMathematics– Multiple- choice questions and questions with numerical value as answers

Aptitude– Multiple-choice questions

Drawing– Drawing aptitude

Total subjectsMathematics, Aptitude Test, and Drawing Test
Number of questions

(Asked)

82  

(Mathematics- 30

Aptitude- 50

Drawing- 2)

Number of questions

(To be Answered)

77  

(Mathematics- 25

Aptitude- 50

Drawing- 2)

Type of QuestionsMaths- 20 (MCQs) + 10 (Questions for which answer is a Numerical Value, 5 needs to be done) +

Aptitude- 50 MCQ +

Drawing- 2 Questions

Marking SchemeFor MCQs: 

+4 for each correct response

-1 for each incorrect response; Unattempted questions will not be marked.

For Non- MCQs: +4 for each correct response

No negative marking for incorrect answers or unattempted questions

For Drawing Test: 2 questions of 100 marks

Maximum Marks400 Marks
Medium of paperEnglish, Hindi, Urdu (All Centre Cities),

Regional Languages

JEE Main Exam Pattern for Paper 2B – B. Planning

ParametersB. Planning
Mode of ExaminationCBT Mode
Total subjectsMathematics, Aptitude Test, and Planning Based Objective Type
Type of QuestionsMathematics– Multiple- choice questions and questions with numerical value as answers

Aptitude– Multiple- choice questions

Planning– Multiple- choice questions

Number of questions

(Asked)

105 

(Mathematics- 30

Aptitude- 50

Planning Based-25)

Number of questions

(To be Answered)

100 

(Mathematics- 25

Aptitude- 50

Planning Based-25)

Type of QuestionsMaths- 20 (MCQs) + 10 (Questions for which answer is a Numerical Value, 5 needs to be done) +

Aptitude- 50 MCQs +

Planning Based Objective Type- 25 MCQs

Marking SchemeFor MCQs: 

+4 for each correct response

-1 for each incorrect response

Unattempted questions will not be marked.

For Non- MCQs: 

+4 for each correct response

No negative marking for incorrect answers or unattempted questions.

Maximum Marks400 Marks
Medium of paperEnglish, Hindi, Urdu (All Centre Cities),

Regional Languages

JEE Main Exam Pattern – Comparison (Old Exam Pattern vs New Exam Pattern)

Candidates can check the distinction between the old exam pattern and the new exam pattern of JEE Main in the table below – 

ParameterOld JEE Main Exam PatternNew JEE Main Exam Pattern
No. of Papers23
B.Planning Exam (Separate)NoYes
Total Number of Questions (To Be Answered)B.E/BTech – 90

B.Arch./B.Planning – 82

B.E/BTech – 75

B.Arch. – 77

B.Planning – 100

Maximum MarksB.E/BTech – 360

B.Arch./B.Planning – 90

B.E/BTech – 300

B.Arch. – 400

B.Planning – 400

Numeric Value Based QuestionsNoYes
Planning Based QuestionsNoYes

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JEE Main Exam Pattern 2021 – Section-wise Distribution of Questions

As per NTA’s official announcement and official JEE Main exam pattern, there will be 3 papers for the JEE Main exam. In the case of JEE Main Paper 1 for B.E/ BTech, the questions will be asked from:

  1. Physics
  2. Chemistry 
  3. Mathematics

The base questions asked in the JEE Main exam 2021 will be from Classes 10 and 12. 

The second paper of JEE Main is divided into Paper 2A and Paper 2B.  The examination paper for BPlan students is called Paper 2B. In Paper 2A (B.Arch.), the sections include:

  1. Part I – Mathematics
  2. Part II – Aptitude
  3. Part III – Drawing

In Paper 2 B (BPlan), the sections include:

  1. Part I – Mathematics
  2. Part II – Aptitude
  3. Part III – Planning

As per the JEE Main exam pattern, the questions asked in the JEE Main 2021 exam will be objective type (MCQ) and non-MCQ type. Each question will have 4 options. Among the 4, candidates will have to select one option which they consider as the most appropriate answer.

Candidates can know more about the JEE Main exam pattern in the table below, and check the sectional distribution of questions and marks.

JEE Main Exam Pattern – Sectional Distribution of Marks 

SectionsSections coveredQuestions AskedNumber of QuestionsMaximum MarksDivision of Marks
Paper 1 – B.E./B. TechPhysics90 questions

75 questions to be attempted

Physics – 

30 (20 MCQs + 10 numerical value) = 25 need to be answered

300 marksPhysics – 100 Marks
ChemistryChemistry – 

30 (20 MCQs + 10 numerical value) = 25 need to be answered

Chemistry – 100 Marks 
MathematicsMathematics – 

30 (20 MCQs + 10 numerical value) = 25 need to answer

Mathematics – 100 Marks
Paper 2A – B. ArchMathematics82 Questions

77 questions to be Attempted

Mathematics – 25 (20+10)

5 Questions with answers as a numerical value.

400 marksMathematics – 100 marks
Aptitude TestAptitude Test – 50Aptitude Test – 200 marks
Drawing TestDrawing Test -2Drawing Test – 100 marks 
Paper 2B – BPlanMathematics105 Questions

100 questions to be Attempted

Mathematics – 25 (20+5)

5 Questions with answers as a numerical value 

400 marksMathematics – 100 marks
Aptitude TestAptitude Test – 50 questions Aptitude Test – 200 marks
Planning Based Objective TypePlanning Based Objective Type – 25 questions Planning Based Objective Type – 100 marks

JEE Main Syllabus 

NTA has released the JEE Main syllabus 2021 along with the JEE Main notification. The JEE Main 2021 syllabus will be based mainly on the topics covered in Class 11 and 12. Candidates can find the syllabus by visiting the official website.

JEE Mains Syllabus 2021 – Chemistry 

Section A: Physical Chemistry
Unit 1: Some Basic Concepts in ChemistryUnit 2: States of MatterUnit 3: Atomic Structure
Unit 4: Chemical Bonding and Molecular StructureUnit 5: Chemical ThermodynamicsUnit 6: Solutions
Unit 7: EquilibriumUnit 8: Redox Reactions and ElectrochemistryUnit 9: Chemical Kinetics
Unit 10: Surface Chemistry
Section B: Inorganic Chemistry
Unit 11: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in PropertiesUnit 12: General Principles and Processes of Isolation of MetalsUnit 13: Hydrogen
Unit 14: Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals)Unit 15: P-Block ElementsUnit 16: d-and-f Block Elements
Unit 17: Coordination CompoundsUnit 18: Environmental Chemistry
Section C: Organic Chemistry
Unit 19: Purification and Characterization of Organic CompoundsUnit 20: Some Basic Principles of Organic ChemistryUnit 21: Hydrocarbons
Unit 22: Organic Compounds Containing HalogensUnit 23:  Organic Compounds Containing OxygenUnit 24: Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
Unit 25: PolymersUnit 26: BiomoleculesUnit 27: Chemistry In Everyday Life
Unit 28: Principles Related to Practical Chemistry

JEE Mains Syllabus 2021 – Physics

Section A – Theoretical Section
Unit 1: Physics and MeasurementUnit 2: KinematicsUnit 3: Laws of MotionUnit 4: Work, Energy, and Power
Unit 5: Rotational MotionUnit 6: GravitationUnit 7: Properties of Solids and LiquidsUnit 8: Thermodynamics
Unit 9: Kinetic Theory of GasesUnit 10: Oscillations and WavesUnit 11: ElectrostaticsUnit 12: Current Electricity
Unit 13: Magnetic Effects of Current and MagnetismUnit 14: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating CurrentsUnit 15: Electromagnetic WavesUnit 16: Optics
Unit 17: Dual Nature of Matter and RadiationUnit 18: Atoms and NucleiUnit 19: Electronic DevicesUnit 20: Communication Systems
Section B – Practical
Unit 21: Experimental Skills

JEE Mains Syllabus 2021 – Mathematics

Unit 1: Sets, Relations, and FunctionsUnit 2: Complex Numbers and Quadratic EquationsUnit 3: Matrices and DeterminantsUnit 4: Permutations and Combinations
Unit 5: Mathematical InductionUnit 6: Binomial Theorem and Its Simple ApplicationsUnit 7: Sequences and SeriesUnit 8: Limit Continuity, and Differentiability
Unit 9: Integral CalculusUnit 10: Differential EquationsUnit 11: Coordinate GeometryUnit 12: Three Dimensional Geometry
Unit 13: Vector AlgebraUnit 14: Statistics and ProbabilityUnit 15: TrigonometryUnit 16: Mathematical Reasoning

Candidates will find the syllabus of Paper 2A and 2B in the detailed JEE Main syllabus 2021.

JEE Main Exam Pattern – Marking Scheme

Candidates will get 4 options for every question. For every correct answer, they will be awarded 3 marks. However, 1 mark will be deducted for every wrong answer.

JEE Main Exam Pattern – Marking Scheme

Correct Answer (MCQs)Incorrect Answer (MCQ)UnattemptedCorrect Answer (Non- MCQs)Incorrect Answer (Section B)
B.E./ BTech+4 -1 NIL+4 No negative marking
B. Arch+4 -1 NIL+4 No negative marking
BPlan+4 -1 NIL+4 No negative marking

JEE Main Exam Pattern – Previous Years’ Question Papers

Buddy4Study has compiled previous years’ question papers alongside the model question papers in the below table. Candidates can download these to understand the JEE Main exam pattern thoroughly and prepare for the upcoming examination accordingly.

JEE Main Previous Year Question Papers (2019)

PaperQuestion Paper
JEE Main 2019 Paper 8th April – Shift 1Click Here
JEE Main 2019 Paper 8th April – Shift 2Click Here
JEE Main 2019 Paper 9th April – Shift 1Click Here
JEE Main 2019 Paper 9th April – Shift 2Click Here
JEE Main 2019 Paper 10th April – Shift 1Click Here
JEE Main 2019 Paper 10th April – Shift 2Click Here
JEE Main 2019 Paper 12th April – Shift 1Click Here
JEE Main 2019 Paper 12th April – Shift 2Click Here

JEE Main Exam Pattern 2021 – General Instructions for Online Test

Candidates must follow the online test instructions and guidelines set by the NTA authority. The test instructions will help the candidates to attempt the computer-based exam without any hassles. Given below is a list of online test instructions set by the National Testing Agency panel that candidates need to abide by:

  1. The candidate/s must report at the examination centre at least an hour before the allotted exam time.
  2. Candidates reporting after the reporting time mentioned in the hall ticket, will not be allowed to enter the examination hall.
  3. The candidate/s must compulsorily bring the admit card (hard copy). The test centre officials will verify it and then allow the candidate to sit for the examination.
  4. Bring along a valid photo identity (ID of College, Passport, Driving License, Aadhaar Card, Pan Card, Voters ID Card).
  5. Do not bring xeroxed admit cards as the examination authority will scan the admit card through the barcode present in the original admit card.
  6. Admit cards must be in good condition. Dismantled, disfigured or mutilated admit cards compromising the details of the candidate will not be accepted.
  7. Duplicate JEE Main admit cards would not be issued at the examination centres if the original admit card is torn or lost by a candidate.
  8. PwD certificates issued by the Competent Authority must be presented at the exam centre by the candidates claiming relaxation.
  9. A seat with Roll Number will be allotted to each candidate. They should find and sit on their allocated seats only.
  10. No baggage is allowed inside the examination hall.

JEE Main Exam Pattern 2021 – Mandatory COVID-19 Guidelines

Candidates must check out these general COVID-19 related guidelines and follow them at all the JEE Main exam centres:

  1. Gap between 2 seats will be maintained as per GOI guidelines
  2. Social distancing would be maintained strictly at the exam centres. Candidates have to maintain at least 6 feet or 2-metre distance from other candidates.
  3. All candidates will be checked for temperature with thermo guns at the entry point.
  4. Queue manager/ropes and Floor Marks will be arranged outside the centre. Follow the instructions provided by centre staff.
  5. To stop chances of any UFM being used in the examination, the candidate is expected to wear the freshly provided mask at the centre. The candidate will be offered a fresh 3 Ply mask before entry. Exam authority will ensure that monitor, keyboard, mouse, webcam, desk, chair, etc., are thoroughly sanitised.
  6. A significant gap has to be present between two seats inside the exam hall.
  7. Besides the admit card and photo ID card, gloves, a personal transparent water bottle, personal hand sanitizer (50 ml), and a pen will also be allowed in the exam hall.
  8. Invigilators will distribute rough sheets to candidates wearing gloves.
  9. To avoid crowding, exam room numbers would not be displayed outside the centre.
  10. Candidates violating COVID-19 directives/advisories would not be allowed to sit for the exam
  11. Candidates would be allowed to leave the test centre one at a time to avoid the rush and maintain social distancing.

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JEE Main Exam Pattern – Recommended Books

Candidates need to prepare well from the topics highlighted as per the JEE Main syllabus 2021 to score well in the upcoming test.

Buddy4Study advises candidates to prepare well for the exam with the help of the below-mentioned books that are recommended by candidates who cracked the exam successfully in the previous years.

Paper 1

Best Books for JEE Main 2021 – Physics

Books NameAuthor
Advance physicsNelkon and Parker
Aptitude test problem in physicsKrotov
Fundamentals of PhysicsHalliday, Resnick & Walker
Dynamics of a Particle & of Rigid BodiesS.L. Loney
Physics Volume 1 & 2Tipler
University PhysicsFreedman and Young
Problems in PhysicsA. A. Pinsky
Mechanics Part-1 & 2DC Pandey
Problems in General PhysicsI. E. Irodov
Problems in PhysicsV. Zubov & V. Shalnov
Concepts of Physics Volume I and IIH. C. Verma
Feynman Lectures on physicsR. P. Feynman
A collection of questions and problems in physicsL. A. Sena
Element of Dynamics part I & IIS. L. Loney

Best Books for JEE Main 2021 –Chemistry

Books for Organic Chemistry

Books NameAuthor
Organic ChemistryO. P. Tandon
Concept of Organic ChemistryM. S. Chauhan
Organic Chemistry volume 1I. L. Finar
Organic ChemistryArihant Prakashan
A Guidebook to Mechanism in Organic ChemistryPeter Sykes

Books for Physical Chemistry

Books NameAuthor
IIT JEE ChemistryO. P. Agarwal
Numerical ChemistryP. Bahadur
General ChemistryEbbing
Physical ChemistryO. P. Tandon
University ChemistryBruce Mahan
Modern Approach to Chemical CalculationsRC Mukherjee
Physical Chemistry (For Reading Theory)P. Bahadur
Physical ChemistryP.W.Atkins

Books for Inorganic Chemistry

Books NameAuthor
Concise Inorganic ChemistryJ. D. Lee
Inorganic ChemistryArihant Prakashan
Textbook of Inorganic Chemistry for Competitions (JEE Main & Advanced)OP Tondon

Best Books for JEE Main 2021 – Mathematics

Books NameAuthor
Mathematics for Class 11 & Class 12R. D. Sharma
AlgebraArihant
Maths for Class 11 & Class 12R. S. Agarwal
VectorShanti Nayaran
IIT MathematicsM. L. Khanna
TrigonometryS. L. Loney
Problems in Calculus of One VariableI. A. Maron
GeometryDr. Gorakh Prasad
Differential CalculusArihant
Integral CalculusArihant
Introduction Probability & Its ApplicationW. Feller
Higher AlgebraBarnard and Child
A problem book in mathematical AnalysisG. N. Berman
Higher Algebra 4th EditionHall and Knight
Course in Mathematics for IIT-JEETMH Publication
Calculus and Analytic GeometryThomas and Finney

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JEE Main Exam Pattern – FAQs

In which format are the questions asked in the JEE Main 2021 exam?

As per the JEE Main exam pattern 2021, candidates will have to attempt the paper in both Multiple-Choice Questions (MCQ) and Non-MCQ format. B. Arch candidates will have to attempt the drawing test too.

What is the duration of the JEE Main exam 2021?

According to the JEE Main exam pattern, the duration of the JEE Main exam is 3 hours.

Is there any negative marking in the JEE Main exam?

Yes. As per the JEE Main exam pattern, for every incorrect answer in the MCQ section, 1 mark will be deducted. However, in Section B, there is no negative marking.

What is the distribution of sections and questions in JEE Main Paper 2A (B.Arch.)?

As per the JEE Main exam pattern for B.Arch., there are 3 sections- Mathematics, Aptitude, and Drawing. There will be 25 questions in the Math section; 50 in the Aptitude section and 2 Drawing questions in the exam. The total number of questions in the paper is 77.

How many times is JEE Main conducted in a year?

The JEE Main exam will be conducted 4 times every year – February, March, April and May. This change in JEE Main exam pattern has taken place from 2021 onwards.