AFCAT Syllabus – Topics, Books, Sample Papers, Exam Pattern

The Indian Air Force (IAF) is in charge of releasing the AFCAT syllabus along with the AFCAT notification. The AFCAT syllabus is vast. However, the pattern of the exam remains the same every year. 

A total of 100 questions are asked in the AFCAT examination and candidates are required to answer all of them within 2 hours. For the EKT exam, 50 questions are asked from the candidates appearing for the Ground Dutymen (Technical) exam. By qualifying the different stages of AFCAT, candidates can expect to get recruited in various posts like that of Flying (Pilot), and Ground Dutymen (Technical & Non-Technical branches along with NCC Special Entry across India. 

Candidates must note that the AFCAT notification does not mention the AFCAT syllabus. Hence, in this article, the Buddy4Study Team provides you with a list of topics as per the previous years’ question papers.  

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AFCAT Syllabus – Sections

IAF has not set any specific syllabus for the AFCAT examination. So based on previous years’ question papers, it can be ascertained that the AFCAT question paper consists of 4 major sections and EKT comprises 3 sections. 

AFCAT Syllabus – Sections

StagesSections coveredQuestions AskedMaximum MarksTime limit
AFCATGeneral Awareness

Verbal Ability in English

Numerical Ability 

Reasoning and Military Aptitude Test

100 questions300 marks120 minutes

Computer Science 

Electrical & Electronics

50 Questions150 marks45 minutes

AFCAT Syllabus – Section-wise Topics

The AFCAT syllabus is divided into 4 segments or subjects. It comprises 100 questions on General Awareness (90 marks), English language (105 marks), Numerical Ability (45 marks) and Reasoning and Military Aptitude Test (60 marks). 

Candidates can find below all the important topics related to each subject covered in the prescribed syllabus of AFCAT.

AFCAT (1) Syllabus

Verbal Ability in EnglishNumerical AbilityGeneral AwarenessReasoning and Military Aptitude Test

Error Detection

Sentence Completion/Filling in of the correct word



Testing of Vocabulary





Time and Work


Profit & Loss


Ratio & Proportion and Simple Interest

Time & Distance (Trains/Boats & Streams)





Current Affairs


Basic Science




Sports, etc.

Verbal skills and Spatial abilities

Data interpretation

Rotated blocks


Sets based on arrangements

Missing Character

Hidden figures

Embedded Figure

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EKT Syllabus

For Electrical & Electronics Engineering

Fundamental EngineeringAllied EngineeringSpecialised Branch
Engineering Physics

Engineering Mathematics

Engineering Drawing

Switching Theory

Computer Networks

Radar Theory

Network Theory Design


Information Technology

Microwave Engineering

Analog and Digital Electronics

Electronic Devices

Telecommunication Systems

Microwave Engineering

Control Engineering

Electrical Engineering

For Computer Science Engineering

Fundamental EngineeringAllied EngineeringSpecialised Branch
Engineering Physics

Engineering Mathematics

Engineering Drawing

Control Engineering

Telecommunication Systems

Electrical Engineering

Radar Theory


Antenna and Wave Propagation

Microwave Engineering

Information Technology

Network Theory Design

Analog and Digital Electronics

Computer Networks

Switching Theory

Electronic Devices

For Mechanical Engineering

Fundamental EngineeringAllied EngineeringSpecialised Branch
Engineering Physics

Engineering Mathematics

Engineering Drawing/ Engineering Graphics


Flight Mechanics

Aircraft Structures

Power Plant Engineering.

Industrial Engineering

Automotive Engineering


Fluid Mechanics/Hydraulic Machines

Engineering Mechanics

Materials Science


Manufacturing Science

Machine Drawing

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Detailed AFCAT 2022 Syllabus

To understand the AFCAT syllabus, candidates can get an understanding of the predictable number of questions that are usually asked in the exam:

General Awareness

The questions asked in this section are mainly from History, Politics, Current Affairs, Geography, Environment, Defence, Art, Culture, Civics, Basic Science, Sports, etc.

TopicNo of Questions
Current Affairs and Economics7

English Language

The questions asked from this section are mainly related to Idioms, Testing of Vocabulary, Synonyms, Antonyms, Phrases, Sentence Completion/Filling in of correct word, Error Detection and  Comprehension.

TopicNo of Questions
Fill in the blacks4
Error Detection3
Reading Comprehension2
Antonym/ Synonym6
Cloze test5

Numerical Ability 

The questions asked from this section are mainly related to Time and Distance (Trains/Boats & Streams), Simple Interest, Ratio & Proportion, Percentage, Profit & Loss, Decimal Fraction, Average and Time and Work.

TopicNo of Questions
Profit/Loss and Discount2
Ratio & Percentage3
Mixture & allegations2
Time and Work2
Speed and Distance2

Reasoning and Military Aptitude Test

The questions asked from this section are mainly related to Spatial Ability and Verbal Skills.

TopicNo of Questions
Non-Verbal (Image)10
Odd one out5
Venn diagram4
Complete the pattern5

AFCAT Syllabus – Sectional Weightage

The sections in the AFCAT syllabus remain the same for the exam for IT Officer, Agriculture Field Officer, HR/Personnel Officer and Marketing Officer.

AFCAT 2021 Syllabus

SectionsNumber of QuestionsMaximum Marks
Verbal Ability in English3090
Reasoning and Military Aptitude Test35105
Numerical Ability1545
General Awareness2060

Exam Pattern for Engineering Knowledge Test (EKT) 2021

SectionsNumber of QuestionsMaximum Marks
Computer Science/ Electrical & Electronics/Mechanical50150

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AFCAT Syllabus – Recommended Books

The AFCAT syllabus is vast since the questions asked in this examination are not limited to a fixed course or curriculum, especially in the case of Current Affairs. Candidates need to prepare well from the topics highlighted above to score well in the upcoming AFCAT exam.

To get a better grip on various AFCAT subjects, candidates can find several expert-recommended books and online study resources in the tables below.

AFCAT for Flying, Technical & Ground Duty Branch with Solved Papers (English, Paperback)Arihant Experts
SSB Interview: The Complete GuideDr N.K. Natarajan
AFCAT (Air Force Common Admission Test)Arihant Experts
Manorama Yearbook 2019Philip Mathew
Let’s Crack AFCAT – Air Force Common Admission TestSSBCrack
Quantitative Aptitude for Competitive ExaminationsR. S. Aggarwal
AFCAT (Air Force Common Admission Test) Self Study Guide-cum-Practice Work Book – 1810Kiran Prakashan
AFCAT (Air Force Common Admission Test) Exam Guide: For Flying and Technical Branch (Popular Master Guide)R. Gupta
AFCAT Solved Papers and Practice SetsArihant Experts

AFCAT Exam Pattern

Candidates who have registered or are applying for the AFCAT exam 2022 should go through the exam pattern thoroughly and practice well with the help of online mock tests before attempting the exam. Here are a few key points that they should definitely keep in mind:

AFCAT Exam Pattern

Exam Conducting bodyIndian Air Force (IAF)
AFCAT Recruitment Official Website 
Exam frequencyTwice a year
AFCAT Total Vacancies317
AFCAT (1) Exam Date 12th, 13th, 14th February 2022
AFCAT (2) Exam DateAugust 2022*
Mode of ExamOnline (computer-based test)
Number of sectionsAFCAT: 4

EKT: 3

Language of paperEnglish
Credentials required to download AFCAT Admit CardRegistration Number


Compulsory documents to carry on exam dayColour Print of the Admit card

Valid Photo ID Proof

Two passport photographs

Aadhar Card of the candidate

Duration of AFCAT ExamAFCAT – 2 hours (120 minutes)

EKT (Engineering Knowledge Test) – 45 Minutes

Maximum Questions AFCAT – 100

EKT – 50

Maximum Marks  AFCAT – 300 Marks

EKT (Engineering Knowledge Test) – 150 Marks 

Marking SystemCorrect answer: 3 marks

Incorrect Answer: (-1) mark

Unattempted Answer: NIL

AFCAT Syllabus – Previous Year’s Question Papers

Buddy4Study has compiled previous years’ question papers in the below table. Candidates can download these to understand the AFCAT exam pattern thoroughly and prepare for the upcoming examination accordingly.

AFCAT Previous Year Question Papers

AFCAT Question Paper 2013AFCAT Question Paper 2014AFCAT Question Paper 2015AFCAT Question Paper 2016
AFCAT Question Paper 2017AFCAT Question Paper 2018AFCAT Question Paper 2020AFCAT Question Paper 2021

EKT Previous Year Question Papers

EKT Sample Paper – (Mechanical)EKT Sample Paper – (Electrical & Electronics)EKT Sample Paper – (Computer Science)

AFCAT Model Question Papers

AFCAT Model Question Paper 1AFCAT Model Question Paper 2
AFCAT Model Question Paper 3AFCAT Model Question Paper 4
EKT Model Question Paper (Mechanical) 1EKT Model Question Paper (Mechanical) 2
EKT Model Question Paper (Computer Science) 1EKT Model Question Paper (Computer Science) 2
EKT Model Question Paper (Electrical & Electronics) 1EKT Model Question Paper (Electrical & Electronics) 2

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AFCAT Answer Key to Model Question Papers 2021

Answer Keys AFCATAnswer Keys EKT

AFCAT Syllabus – FAQs

How many questions will be asked in the AFCAT exam 2022?

Candidates will have to attempt 100 questions of 300 marks within 120 minutes (2 hours) for AFCAT examination and 50 questions of 150 marks within 45 minutes for the online EKT exam. These questions will be asked in MCQ format.

What are the different sections of the AFCAT syllabus?

The AFCAT exam consists of subjects such as General Awareness, Verbal Ability in English language, Numerical Ability and Reasoning and Military Aptitude Test. For the EKT exam, the topics are related to Mechanical, Computer Science and Electrical and Electronics Engineering.

What is the standard of questions asked in the AFCAT Exam?

The basic standard of questions asked in the AFCAT exam begins from the level of 10+2.

What is the negative marking scheme in the AFCAT exam?

For every incorrect answer in both AFCAT and EKT exam of AFCAT 2022, 1 mark will be deducted.

Is it useful to solve sample papers or previous years' question papers?

AFCAT previous years' question papers and model papers help candidates to get a better idea about the types of questions asked in the exam and prepare well for it.

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